European Voyages of Exploration
During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries two nations, Portugal and Spain, pioneered the European discovery of sea routes that were the first channels of interaction between all of the world’s continents, thus beginning the process of globalisation in which we all live today.
Columbus Unit Study
Additional resources for studying about Columbus.
Perhaps the most famous explorer was Christopher Columbus. Born in Genoa, Italy, in 1451 to a weaver, young Columbus first went to sea at the age of fourteen.
A game you could make and play to help you remember key facts about Columbus.
A sailor on board the Pinta sighted land early in the morning of October 12, 1492, and a new era of European exploration and expansion began.
Columbus Day Crafts and Activities
These crafts projects are for preschool, kindergarten and elementary school children. The crafts use materials found around the house.
Columbus Navigation Homepage
Examining the History, Navigation, and Landfall of Christopher Columbus.
Sir Francis Drake
Revered as a hero in the fight against the Armada and despised as an upstart by the old nobility, Drake epitomizes the self-made Elizabethan privateer, rapacious in the hunt for treasure (especially Spanish treasure) but daring and visionary in exploration. A fair number of other linked resources, too.
Sir Francis Drake
A child’s report on the explorations of Drake.
Milk Carton Spanish Galleon
Substitute thin sheets of plastic, and you may be able to actually sail this galleon on water for short periods. Would be worth experimenting.
Spanish Colonial Military Artifacts – History, Archaeology, Relics
While other materials are included in the illustrative displays, the interpretive emphasis of this site has been placed upon military clothing and, as they evolved, uniform-related artifacts: the buttons, strap and accoutrement buckles, and insignia worn by Spain’s regular, provincial, and urban militia forces in the study region.
Spanish Exploration and Conquest of Native America
Hernando de Soto explored Native America in the 1540′s, along trails that are highways today. Conquest Records describe large Indian villages, attacked then diseased, along those trails. Pioneers settled those village clearings. [Note: Site is blocked by some filters because of partial nudity, violence.]