Kentucky Education Code For Homeschooling
The following are the minimal requirements for the operation of a home school in Kentucky
1. Education is a fundamental right. Rose V. Council for Better Education, Inc, KY., 790 S.W. 2d 186 (1989). Compulsory attendance laws require that every child between the ages of 6 and 16 be enrolled in school. KRS 159.030 exempts a child from attending public school who is enrolled and regularly attending a private, parochial or church regular day school. When you decide to educate your children at home, you must notify the local board of education by letter of intent to teach your child(ren) at home, giving the names, ages, and address of each child. You should keep a copy of this letter.
*This is not intended to be legal advice and is distributed for information purposes only. Check for updates at the Kentucky DOE site.
From time to time, for a variety of academic and non-academic reasons, parents feel that their children would achieve at a higher level if they were taught by the parents at home, or home-schooled. While professional educators feel that home-schooling children is an overwhelming undertaking and urge caution in deciding about their children’s education, people who do decide to go ahead need information and assistance to become knowledgeable about what requirements, legal and otherwise, pertain to the establishment and daily operation of a home school.
Rights of the parent
The Kentucky constitution establishes the prerogatives of the parents to choose the formal education for the child. Therefore, parents may choose to have their child educated in a private school of their choice, including homeschool. KRS Ann. 159.010(2)
If a parent chooses this option, they take complete responsibility for educating their child. The parent/guardian selects the curriculum and educational materials. There is no state financial assistance for families who choose this option.
Commonly asked questions regarding homeschools.
1. Who is responsible for providing the curriculum and the instructional materials for children being home schooled? When a child is removed from the public school system, the total responsibility for the education of the child is borne by the parents. A2Z Home’s Cool is devoted to curriculum and instructions for home school families. Parents may also choose to enroll in a home school program.
A parent may also choose to follow Kentucky Core academic standards when educating their child.
2. Who is responsible for issuing the diploma for a child when they graduate from a home school? It is the responsibility of the home school to issue the diploma.
Students from non- accredited or non – certified, private schools or homeschools do not receive a diploma recognized by the Kentucky Department of Education. When seeking employment or advanced education, home schooled students may need to complete the General Education Development or GED to show equivalence to a state recognized high school diploma.
3. Are home school students allowed to participate in extracurricular activities sponsored by the public school?
State law only requires the public school district to allow opportunity for a student to participate in extracurricular activities if the student is enrolled in the public school district. Some districts are willing to allow home schools to participate but this decision is up to the individual school districts.
4. How are home school students treated under No Pass/No Drive?
(KRS 186.440) gives home school students the same status as students attending public schools.
Home school requirements
In Kentucky, home schools are considered to be non-public schools. The laws relating to non-public schools also apply to home schools.
Parents of children who are home schooled are required to do the following:
1. Notify the superintendent of the local school board in writing within 10 days of the beginning of the school year of their intent to homeschool their child(ren) each year they homeschool; the letter must include the name, ages and residence of each child in attendance of the homeschool.
KRS 159.160 Establish a bonafide school for the children to attend. When informing the district superintendent of your desire to homeschool, create a ‘school’ name. This will be used for future records and diplomas.
2. Record and maintain scholarship reports of each student’s progress in all subjects taught at the same intervals as the local public schools.
KRS 159.040 It is suggested that the person responsible for instruction keep a portfolio that contains samples of the best work done by each child in several areas of study and maintain the portfolio year after year. This may be of assistance in documenting the existence of the home school or the transfer of the child to another educational setting. A record of courses taken and grades received is also necessary.
3. Keep accurate attendance records of pupil attendance; the attendance records can be kept either in a notebook, on a computer or in another manner but must be readily available in case of an inquiry. KRS 159.040 The minimum number of school days 185 days or equivalent to 177 six-hour days.
4. In the event that there is a concern about your child’s attendance, be open to inspection by directors of pupil personnel.
- KRS 159.040 gives the director of pupil personnel the authority in their district to investigate any case of violating the compulsory attendance laws.
- KRS 159.040 also states that the purpose for a director of pupil personnel visiting a home school is to ensure that the requirements of compulsory attendance are being met and not to determine the quality of the instruction. This inspection of school records may be conducted in a neutral site rather than in the home.
- Teach those subjects that will educate children to be intelligent citizens. It is required that all instruction be offered in the English language. Subject similar to those taught in public school should be offered. Although it is the parents right to offer other subjects as well. Subjects taught should include reading, writing, spelling, grammar, history, mathematics, and civics. KRS 158.080, KRS 156.160
Recognition of credits
When students who previously attended a homeschool or non- accredited secondary school, (any private school not certified pursuant to KRS 156.160(3),) desire to enroll in a public school, the local public school district is responsible for proper placement and awarding credits for the non- accredited private school.
If the student does not hold a properly certified transcript, the schools may place the students using one of two methods:
- Pass a similar examination given to other students receiving credit for the course.
- Attaining a “C” average in the course by the 12th week of school.
Those courses successfully completed by examination or performance shall be counted toward minimum high school graduation requirements in the local school district. KRS 158.140
Home schools are not accredited by the State. Unless a home schooling family functions as a satellite classroom for an accredited school, the diploma awarded by a home school may not be recognized by other schools or agencies. Some home schooled children take the General Equivalency Diploma (GED) exam for the purpose of obtaining a standard credential. Other college-bound home school graduates take the SAT or ACT tests and usually have little problem with college admission.