Kentucky Education Code For Homeschooling
The following are the minimal requirements for the operation of a home school in Kentucky:
1. Education is a fundamental right. Rose V. Council for Better Education, Inc, KY., 790 S.W. 2d 186 (1989). Compulsory attendance laws require that every child between the ages of 6 and 16 be enrolled in school. KRS 159.030 exempts a child from attending public school who is enrolled and regularly attending a private, parochial or church regular day school. When you decide to educate your children at home, you must notify the local board of education by letter of intent to teach your child(ren) at home, giving the names, ages, and address of each child. You should keep a copy of this letter.
*This is not intended to be legal advice and is distributed for information purposes only. Check for updates at your public library.
2. Private and parochial schools shall provide instruction for a term at least as long as the term in effect for the public school in the district where the child resides, normally 175 instructional days. (KRS 158.080)
3. The private and parochial schools shall teach those subjects that will educate children to be intelligent citizens. The General Assembly requires that instruction be offered in English and in the branches of study that are taught in the public schools. This has been interpreted to include at least reading, writing, spelling, grammar, history, mathematics and civics. KRS 158.080, and Kentucky State Board for Elementary and Secondary Education v. Rudasill, KY., 589 S.W. 2d 877 (1979).
4. The private and parochial schools shall record and maintain scholarship reports of each student’s progress at the same interval as in the local public school, normally, every nine weeks, grading all subjects taught. (KRS 159.040).
5. Kentucky requires that an accurate record of pupil attendance be kept. Attendance may be recorded in a notebook, or on a computer list. (KRS 159.040).
6. KRS 158.040 requires that all private schools be open to inspection by directors of pupil personnel or officials of the Department of Education.
Kentucky Department of Education
Home School Information and Suggestions
1. The public schools are to teach those subjects that will accomplish the six major goals of education reform. (KRS 158.060):
a. Use basic communication and mathematics skills for purposes and situations they will encounter throughout their lives;
b. Apply core concepts and principles from mathematics, the sciences, the arts, the humanities, social studies, and practical living studies to situations they will encounter throughout their lives;
c. Become a self sufficient individual;
d. Become responsible members of a family, work group, or community including demonstrating effectiveness in community service;
e. Think and solve problems in school situations and in a variety of situations they will encounter in life; and
f. Connect and integrate experiences and new knowledge from all subject matter field with what they have previously learned and build on past learning experiences to acquire new information through various media sources. (KRS 158.080, 158.6451)
2. We suggest that the parent, or home school teacher, keep a portfolio for each child under instruction. This should contain samples of the best work done in the several areas of study, and be maintained from year to year. This will facilitate the transfer of students who attend home schools and who enroll in public school for any portion of their education.
3. Prospective employers, as well as persons in other agencies, may require some form of documentation establishing the existence of the home school, and the identity of the teacher.
4. Any child who discontinues attendance in a home school and enrolls in public school shall be assigned to the grade to which the student is best suited, to be determined by examination or by student performance. KRS 158.140 and 704 KAR 3:307. A transcript of work completed will facilitate the determination of student placement.
5. An Attendance Register, information of the process followed by the public schools to record academic progress reports, and a copy of the forms used by the public schools may be obtained from your local board of education.
6. The Cabinet for Human Resources has the duty to evaluate any charge of educational neglect. (KRS 600.020-040)