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Time4Learning Demos

Volcanoes For Kids with Models & Diagrams

How kids can make a working volcano model of paper mache that will erupt safely at home for an earth science demonstration. Diagram of the inside of a volcanic mountain. About types of volcanos and why they do occur. Where active volcanic eruptions occur on earth. Information about Hawaii’s lava volcanoes.

Pronunciation Key  (vl-kn)
n.pl.vol·ca·noes or vol·ca·nos
1. a. An opening in the earth’s crust through which molten lava, ash, and gases are ejected.
b. A similar opening on the surface of another planet.

2. A mountain formed by the materials ejected from a volcano.

Smiling Volcano in Hawaii


Build an Erupting Volcano
For the quick demonstration, put the soda pop bottle in your sink. For the display dramatic model, build a mountain around the soda pop bottle. From Rockhounding Arkansas.

Make Your Own Volcano
Here is a fun project that will occupy the little ones during activity time for at least 3 days. A project that will include a sensory experience, creativity, and discovery – all in one. A project that is sure to “blow up” summer boredom. The first day, make the clay volcano. The second day, paint it. The third day, explode it…several times!

Volcano Demonstration
Watch the sparks fly with this one! Needs adult help and supervision, but it is worth letting them play, too, at times.

Volcano Diagrams
There are several types of volcanoes. When you make a model, you may want to decide which kind you are modeling, and label it as such.

Volcano Eruption News

Moulting chinstrap penguins breed on the South Sandwich Islands.
Penguin colonies at risk from erupting volcano
A volcano erupting on a small island in the Sub Antarctic is depositing ash over one of the world’s largest penguin colonies.

Underwater Discovery
William Chadwick, Jr. and a team from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration witness the first recorded underwater volcano eruption (2006). A remote camera captures the first-ever video of an erupting underwater volcano.


Hawaiian Center for Volcanology
Stunning photographs and in-depth information about each of Hawaii’s volcanoes. Also an interesting link to a historical account of an eruption over a century ago.

Mountains of Fire
All volcanoes are born when hot magma rises to the surface, infiltrates a weak spot in the Earth’s outer crust, and breaks through. Be sure to visit the Volcanic Eruption animation page.

Take a Virtual Field Trip of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
Get up close and personal with the Hawaii Volcanoes with this virtual field trip.

The Popocatépetl Volcano
Standing 5,426 meters or 17,802 feet tall, the volcano has experienced eruptions since pre-Columbian times, and its activity is recorded in Aztec culture. The Aztec people also gave the volcano its name, which means “smoking mountain.”

Types and Effects of Volcano Hazards
A lovely diagram of a volcano and selected case studies with lots of photographs to help you understand lahars, landslides, pyroclastic flows, lava flows, tephra, and gas.

Volcano! Mountains of Fire
No geological phenomenon assails our senses quite like a volcanic eruption. Stay close enough, and you can hear the explosion, see the fire fountaining, smell the gases, feel the ground tremble, taste the ash in your mouth.

Volcanoes are found throughout the world but in defined zones. Some volcanoes are active, some dormant, and some extinct.

Volcanoes on Other Planets and Satellites
Volcanism has played a major part in shaping not only planet Earth but other places in our universe. Though other planets show signs of volcanic eruptions, they seemed to have erupted in the distant past and are inactive now.

What will really happen when the Yellowstone supervolcano erupts?
Lurking beneath Yellowstone National Park is a massive underground reservoir of magma, capped by the park’s famous caldera. 640,000 years ago, a super-eruption rocked the region. What would happen if another such event blasted the park today?


Label the Volcano Diagram
Read the definitions, then label the diagram.


Eruptive Humor
A lighter side to living with and studying active volcanos.

Pompeii’s Eyewitness: A Web Documentary
Pliny the Younger’s letters to his friend Tacitus, a Roman historian, recount the events of that terrifying day more than 2,000 years ago when Mount Vesuvius erupted.

Volcano Folklore
Volcanic features and phenomena have often been described in legends. These legends provide a connection between a cultural or spiritual view of nature and the scientific study of Earth’s natural processes. Careful study of these legends may even yield faint clues about ancient eruptions. The legends in this section are all believed to describe or relate to volcanic features or events.