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Volcanoes For Kids with Models & Diagrams

How kids can make a working volcano model of paper mache that will erupt safely at home for an earth science demonstration. Diagram of the inside of a volcanic mountain. About types of volcanos and why they do occur. Where active volcanic eruptions occur on earth. Information about Hawaii’s lava volcanoes.

vol·ca·no
Pronunciation Key  (vl-kn)
n.pl.vol·ca·noes or vol·ca·nos
1. a. An opening in the earth’s crust through which molten lava, ash, and gases are ejected.
b. A similar opening on the surface of another planet.

2. A mountain formed by the materials ejected from a volcano.

Smiling Volcano in Hawaii

Models

Build an Erupting Volcano
For the quick demonstration, put the soda pop bottle in your sink. For the display dramatic model, build a mountain around the soda pop bottle. From Rockhounding Arkansas.

Make Your Own Volcano
Here is a fun project that will occupy the little ones during activity time for at least 3 days. A project that will include a sensory experience, creativity, and discovery – all in one. A project that is sure to “blow up” summer boredom. First day, make the clay volcano. Second day, paint it. Third day, explode it…several times!

Paper Mache Volcano
Not only how to make one, but how to make it appear to erupt!

Volcano Demonstration
Watch the sparks fly with this one! Needs adult help and supervision, but it is worth letting them play, too, at times.

Volcano Diagrams
There are several types of volcanoes. When you make a model, you may want to decide which kind you are modeling, and label it as such.

Volcano Eruption News

Moulting chinstrap penguins breed on the South Sandwich Islands.
Penguin colonies at risk from erupting volcano
A volcano erupting on a small island in the Sub Antarctic is depositing ash over one of the world’s largest penguin colonies.

The volcanic GLASS cloud: How tiny shards created by heat of Iceland eruption have ‘rained’ on Scotland
Scientists have released photographs of what they believe are volcanic glass particles from Iceland which fell on Scotland this week.

Mount St. Helens VolcanoCam
This is an image of Mount St. Helens, taken from the Johnston Ridge Observatory. The Observatory and VolcanoCam are located at an elevation of approximately 4,500 feet, about five miles from the volcano. You are looking approximately south-southeast across the North Fork Toutle River Valley. Look when it is light out in Washington, about 7 AM to 7 PM Pacific Time. Look for most recent news on Google.

Current update of the eruption of Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i
Lots of stills of lava flows and a video for those with a high speed connection. The “Images” are my favorite part of this site.

Pictures: Volcanoes Erupting Around the World
Four volcanoes erupted the last week of August 2014. Some beautiful photos of these volcanic eruptions in Papua New Guinea, Iceland, Ecuador, and Java, Indonesia.

Underwater Discovery
William Chadwick, Jr. and a team from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration witness the first recorded underwater volcano eruption (2006). A remote camera captures the first-ever video of an erupting underwater volcano.


About

Learn About Volcanoes
Can volcanic rocks float? Do volcanoes affect weather? How Do Volcanoes Erupt? How many active volcanoes are there on earth?

Hawaiian Center for Volcanology
Stunning photographs and in depth information about each of Hawaii’s volcanoes. Also an interesting link to an historical account of an eruption over a century ago.

The Many Faces of Mt. St. Helens
A native Washingtonian’s look at the reawakening of Mount St. Helens.

Mountains of Fire
All volcanoes are born when hot magma rises to the surface, infiltrates a weak spot in the Earth’s outer crust, and breaks through. Be sure to visit the Volcanic Eruption animationpage.

The Popocatépetl Volcano
Standing 5,426 meters or 17,802 feet tall, the volcano has experienced eruptions since pre-Columbian times, and its activity is recorded in Aztec culture. The Aztec people also gave the volcano its name, which means “”smoking mountain.”

Types and Effects of Volcano Hazards
A lovely diagram of a volcano and selected case studies with lots of photographs to help you understand lahars, landslides, pyroclastic flows, lava flows, tephra and gas.

Volcano World’s Kids’ Door
Virtual field trips, games, projects, art, contests, adventures and links about volcanos.!

Volcano! Mountains of Fire
No geological phenomenon assails our senses quite like a volcanic eruption. Stay close enough, and you can hear the explosion, see the fire fountaining, smell the gases, feel the ground tremble, taste the ash in your mouth.

Volcanoes
Volcanoes are found throughout the world, but in defined zones. Some volcanoes are active, some dormant, and some extinct.

Volcanoes on Other Planets and Satellites
Volcanism has played a major part in shaping not only planet Earth, but other places in our universe. Though other planets show signs of volcanic eruptions, they seemed to have erupted in the distant past and are inactive now.

What will really happen when the Yellowstone supervolcano erupts?
Lurking beneath Yellowstone National Park is a massive underground reservoir of magma, capped by the park’s famous caldera. 640,000 years ago, a super eruption rocked the region. What would happen if another such event blasted the park today?


Projects

Label the Volcano Diagram
Read the definitions, then label the diagram.

Vesuvius Volcano Eruption
This is an educational website designed to help students learn about the processes of explosive volcanic activity through the use of inquiry-based techniques.

Volcano Diagram Worksheet
Add details and labels to this diagram of a volcano.

Volcano Party Menu
So you’ve worked real hard studying volcanos: reward yourself with a party and these volcano-inspired recipes.

Stories

Eruptive Humor
A lighter side to living with and studying active volcanos.

Pele, Volcano Goddess of Fire
According to myth, the islands of Hawaii owe their very existence to Pele, the goddess of fire, best known as ‘the volcano goddess’. Like most other deities who play the starring role in creation myths, Pele held both the power to create and to destroy.

Pompeii’s Eyewitness: A Web Documentary
Pliny the Younger’s letters to his friend Tacitus, a Roman historian, recount the events of that terrifying day more than 2,000 years ago when Mount Vesuvius erupted.


Volcano Folklore
Volcanic features and phenomena have often been described in legends. These legends provide a connection between a cultural or spiritual view of nature and the scientific study of Earth’s natural processes. Careful study of these legends may even yield faint clues about ancient eruptions. The legends in this section are all believed to describe or relate to volcanic features or events.

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