Homeschooling laws can change, so be sure to check the Wyoming Department of Education website for updates.
Are you ready to start homeschooling in Wyoming? You may have many questions about topics like what you need to do to begin, what recordkeeping and testing is required, and how you need to interact with your local school district. You will want to start by understanding Wyoming homeschool law. You may feel overwhelmed as you start this process, but there are resources available and other homeschoolers who have already succeeded on this adventure!
Here is some information on Wyoming homeschool requirements to get you started:
Wyoming Homeschool Law
According to Wyoming Statute §21-4-102, “Every parent, guardian or other person having control or charge of any child who is a resident of this state and whose seventh birthday falls on or before August 1, or September 15 if the child started kindergarten pursuant to an approved request under W.S. 21-3-110(a)(xxxviii), of any year and who has not yet attained his sixteenth birthday or completed the tenth grade shall be required to send such child to, and such child shall be required to attend, a public or private school each year, during the entire time that the public schools shall be in session in the district in which the pupil resides […].”
In Wyoming, homeschooling is an approved exception to the compulsory attendance requirement and is defined by State Statute 21-4-101(a)(v) as “a a program of educational instruction provided to a child by the child’s parent or legal guardian or by a person designated by the parent or legal guardian. An instructional program provided to more than one (1) family unit does not constitute a home-based educational program” (Wyoming Department of Education).
What do I need to be eligible to be a homeschool parent?
There are no minimum qualifications for you to homeschool in Wyoming.
Do I need to notify the school district of my intent to homeschool my child?
Yes! You must file a Letter of Intent or complete the district homeschool registration form in order to begin homeschooling.
Wyoming Homeschool Requirements
Even though Wyoming does not highly regulate homeschooling, there are some Wyoming homeschool requirements you must satisfy when you homeschool:
- Begin homeschooling by age 7.
- File the required Letter of Intent or complete the district homeschool registration form.
- Provide “a sequentially progressive curriculum of fundamental instruction in seven subjects: reading, writing, mathematics, civics, history, literature, and science” (State Statute 21-4-101(a)(vi)). You can access the Wyoming State Standards to understand what students should learn at particular grades; prepare them to take the Wyoming Test of Proficiency and Progress (WY-TOPP); ready them for return to public school; or prepare them for college, career, or the military; however, you are not required to align your homeschool curriculum with these standards (Wyoming Department of Education).
- Submit a summary of the curriculum (including all required subjects) to the local district each year.
- Stay current with homeschooling laws and requirements.
Do I need to administer testing to my homeschooler?
“No testing is required of homeschooled students. They are able to take the test if they choose to, without any cost. For grades 3-10, the WY-TOPP summative assessments are online adaptive assessments for math and English language arts. Students in grade 3, 5, 7, and 9 are assessed in writing. Grade 4, 8, and 10 students are assessed in science. If a student is attending homeschool and public school, and spends 50% or more of their time at the public school, then that student is required to take the WY-TOPP assessment” (Wyoming Department of Education).
What records do I need to keep when I homeschool my child?
Although there is no required recordkeeping for homeschoolers in Wyoming, we recommend you do some personal recordkeeping to provide verification of education in the event you would need to show some form of educational proof to the state or other legal entities or to prepare for re-entry into public school or postsecondary pathways. This includes the following:
- Immunization records
- Lists of texts and workbooks used
- Student schoolwork samples and/or portfolios
- Test and evaluation results
- Correspondence with school officials
You may also be able to find more information on Wyoming homeschool requirements through your local school district.
Other Wyoming Homeschool Policies
Once you make sure that you are following Wyoming homeschool law and meeting Wyoming homeschool requirements, here are some other things you need to know:
Can my homeschooled child participate in extracurricular activities and services offered by the public school?
“W.S. 21-4-506(a) states that any school age child who is a resident of a school district and who is not enrolled as a full-time student in the district in which they reside, shall be permitted by the district to participate in any activities which are sanctioned by the Wyoming High School Activities Association and which are offered by the district subject to the following:
- The district may require the student to pay any fees for participation that are required by the Wyoming High School Activities Association;
- The district may charge that student an additional fee for participating, but that fee shall be no more than any fee for participating charged to full-time students of the district;
- As a condition of participation, the student shall be required to comply with all other rules and policies of the district or any school activities association applicable to all students participating in the activity and not related to the assessment of fees or charges” (Wyoming Department of Education).
“A student is entitled to special education services by law. Parents may request testing and evaluation of their child by the local school. If a child qualifies for special services, the school is required to offer them free of charge. The school has the right to provide those services at a time fitting its established schedule. The parent must provide transportation to and from the school site unless busing is included in the Individualized Education Plan (IEP)” (Wyoming Department of Education).
What if I want to re-enroll my child in public school after homeschooling?
For any number of reasons, you may decide to discontinue homeschooling and re-enroll your child in public school. In that case, “it is up to the local school to decide what grade a homeschooled child should enter, just as if a student was transferring from a different district or different state. Local schools do not have to accept credits earned from a homeschooled program or any other programs” (Wyoming Department of Education).
What are my child’s postsecondary options after homeschooling?
In Wyoming, “because home-schools are non-accredited private schools, home-schoolers receive no diploma from the school or the state. Some commercial curriculum companies do offer diplomas to students who complete their company’s requirements. Some colleges allow prospective students to complete an entrance exam or portfolio. Another option is to complete the GED” (Wyoming Department of Education).
According to the Wyoming Department of Education, “students who graduate from a homeschool program are able to qualify for the Hathaway Scholarship.”
See the Home Schools page on the Wyoming Department of Education’s website for even more information on homeschooling in Wyoming.
Connect With Local Homeschoolers
Remember, too, that you are not alone. You should connect with local homeschoolers from your state, who can help you with Wyoming homeschool law and Wyoming homeschool requirements and offer you all kinds of practical advice and suggestions. They can give you guidance on everything from curriculum to daily schedules to recordkeeping, and they may be able to share information about local resources, support groups, and field trips. Click the image below to find Wyoming Homeschool Groups by county.